Schoorl and surroundings
Schoorl is a small tourist village and comes under the municipality of Bergen with about 6200 inhabitants.
Until January 1, 2001, Schoorl was an independent municipality with the villages of Aagtdorp, Schoorl, Schoorldam, Bregtdorp, Catrijp, Buitenduin, Hargen and Camperduin. The village of Groet was an independent municipality next to Schoorl and is located between the villages / hamlets of Schoorl. The Schoorl flag shows the 8 ducks next to the coat of arms for the hamlets.
Schoorl occurs in the tenth century as Scoronlo, in 1094 as Scorla, in 1390 as Scorle and in 1639 as Schoorel. The place name would refer to a forest (a lo) on a high sandy ground at or near a swampy riparian land. The latter is derived from the Germanic word skaurna. In English, the word Shore is also derived from it.
In the dunes of Schoorl, on the border with Bregtdorp, was the internment camp Schoorl, which had been set up as an army camp in 1939. During the Second World War it was used by the German occupiers as an internment and concentration camp. It was closed at the end of 1941. Of the 649 Jews who were transported to another concentration camp, only two survived. A simple memorial commemorates the victims.
The dune village of Schoorl has been known as a tourist village since the end of the nineteenth century. At the beginning of the 20th century, houses were built in many backyards that could be rented out in the summer, and today there are several holiday parks and hotels. In Schoorl, 19th-century farmhouses and workers’ cottages, as well as beautiful villas from the early 20th century, are listed as monuments. The villa Spannenburg from 1908 is a rare example of Art Nouveau architecture, of which both the exterior and the interior have been intact.
South of Camperduin, on the coast, lies Hargen aan Zee, the seaside resort of Hargen. This consists of a beach entrance with a parking lot, the main post of the rescue brigade and a beach tent on the beach. The next beach entrance is that of Schoorl aan Zee with a post of the rescue brigade. From Schoorl, the sea can only be reached by bicycle and on foot.
Between Schoorl and Schoorl aan Zee lies the dune forest of the Boswachterij Schoorl, of which Schoorl is also best known. The best-known part of the Schoorl dunes, the highest dunes in the Netherlands with an area of 1800 ha, is the Klimduin, which is 51 meters high and opens directly into the village. This dune is climbed by many tourists and descended on the steep side near the village. An age-old tradition in Schoorl is the ‘girls’ market’ on Whit Monday, a village festival on the Klimduin.
Since 2008, the KlimduinRun has also been organized on the Klimduin. A competition in which the goal is to cover the Klimduin as quickly as possible, while running uphill, 110 meters away.
The De Kerf nature reserve is located in the dunes between Bergen aan Zee and Schoorl, near Schoorl aan Zee. The nature reserve is known for the fact that an opening was dug in the first row of dunes in 1997, so that the seawater can reach the dune valley behind it, so that new vegetation is created in the brackish water.
Source: Wikipedia (text edited in a few places).